Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj
Chatrapati Shivaji Maharaj is one of the most colorful heroes of our nation. His dazzling adventures have inspired generations of young people. The strategy of mobile warfare which he adopted brought him brilliant victories and changed the course of our history. The greatest legacy he has left us is his courage, his magnamity, his sense of justice and the spirit of sturdy independence and self-reliance.
- Smt. Indira Gandhi in a letter dated May 25, 1974 on the occasion of the tercentanary of Chatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Coronation.
Shivaji Maharaj Birthplace
Shivaji Maharaj (also Shivaji Bhosale, Chhatrapati Shivaji maharaj) was born in the hill-fort of Shivneri, near the city of Junnar in Pune district Maharashtra to Jijabai, first wife of Shahaji Bhonsale on Phalgun Vadya 3, Shak 1551 which is 19th February 1630 AD.
While Jijabai was pregnant, she had prayed the local deity (devi) called “Shivai” for the good of her expected child, shivneri has a temple of goddess Shivai. his mother named him Shivaji in honour of the goddess Shivai, to whom she had prayed for a healthy child. Shivaji was named after this local deity.It is also believed that he was named after Lord Shiva, hence the name Shivaji.
Shivaji Maharaj was first king of Maratha. Shivaji Maharaj Established Maratha Empire. Shivaji Maharaj was born in the hill-fort of Shivneri, near the city of Junnar in Pune district Maharashtra to Jijabai, first wife of Shahaji Bhonsale on Phalgun Vadya 3, Shake 1551 which is 19th February 1630 AD.
Shivaji Maharaj learned much from his father’s failed attempts at political independence, his exceptional military capabilities and achievements, his knowledge of Sanskrit, Hindu ethos, patronage of the arts, his war strategies and peacetime diplomacy. Jijabai also instilled in Shivaji a natural love for self-determination and an aversion to external political domination.
Shivaji was crowned king of the Marathas in a lavish ceremony at Raigad on 6 June 1674. In the Hindu calendar it was on the 13th day (trayodashi) of the first fortnight of the month of Jyeshtha in the year 1596
Shivaji Maharaj mainly fought with Mughals. War with Afzal Khan, Attact on Shahiste khan, Arrest in Agra and escape, War in Pawankhind are most famous wars of Shivaji Maharaj History and Maratha Empire.
Given Below is list of Shivaji Maharaj History :